ID 2: 478

Toxin: y

Trivial name:

2,​5-​Piperazinedione, 3-​[[2-​(1,​1-​dimethyl-​2-​propenyl)​-​5,​7-​bis(3-​methyl-​2-​butenyl)​-​1H-​indol-​3-​yl]​methyl]​-​6-​methyl-​, (3S,​6S)​- (9CI); 2,​5-​Piperazinedione, 3-​[[2-​(1,​1-​dimethyl-​2-​propenyl)​-​5,​7-​bis(3-​methyl-​2-​butenyl)​-​1H-​indol-​3-​yl]​methyl]​-​6-​methyl-​, (3S-​cis)​-; Echinulin (8CI); Alkaloid E 11, from Aspergillus amstelodami; Cyclo[L-​alanyl-​2-​(1,​1-​dimethylallyl)​-​5,​7-​bis(3-​methyl-​2-​butenyl)​-​L-​tryptophyl]; Echinuline

Systematic name:

2,5-Piperazinedione, 3-[[2-(1,1-dimethyl-2-propenyl)-5,7-bis(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]methyl]-6-methyl-, (3S,6S)- (9CI)

2,5-Piperazinedione, 3-((2-(1,1-dimethyl-2-propenyl)-5,7-bis(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methyl)-6-methyl-, (3S,6

Molecular formulae: 


Molecular weight: 461.64

Chemical abstract number: 1859-87-6

Chemical type: alkaloid

Literature reference:

  • Chemical investigations of Aspergillus echinulatus. I. Quilico, A.; Panizzi, L. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft [Abteilung] B: Abhandlungen (1943), 76B, 348-58.
    Echinulin. Quilico, A.; Panizzi, L.; Rosnati, V. Proc. XIth Intern. Congr. Pure and Applied Chem. (London) (1947), 2, 259-66.
    The diffusion of echinulin in molds of the group Aspergillus glaucus. Quilico, Adolfo; Cardani, Cesare. Atti accad. nazl. Lincei, Rend. classe sci. fis., mat. e nat. (1950), 9, 220-8

References URL: 

Aspergillus Species known to produce this metabolite:

Structure image:  


Date uploaded: 2005-12-13 00:00:00

Mycotoxin & Metabolites

Showing 10 posts of 2000 posts found.
  • Metabolite

    Produced by (species)

    Molecular weight


Mycotoxin & Metabolite database

Aspergillus species produce a large number of secondary metabolites, sometimes referred to as extrolites. We attempt to list them all here and we also collect published papers.

Search Metabolite papers here

Our sponsors