Antifungal activity of the pradimicin derivative BMS 181184 in the treatment of experimental pulmonary aspergillosis in persistently neutropenic rabbits.

The activity of the pradimicin derivative BMS 181184 was evaluated in a model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in persistently neutropenic rabbits and compared with that of amphotericin B deoxycholate. BMS 181184 at total daily doses of 50 and 150 mg/kg of body weight was at least as effective as amphotericin B at 1 mg/kg once a day in conferring survival and had comparable activity in reducing organism-mediated tissue injury and excess lung weight. Although treatment at all dosing regimens of BMS 181184 resulted in significant reductions in fungal tissue burden compared to untreated controls, equivalence to amphotericin B occurred only at the higher dosage level. Similar observations were made in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cultures obtained postmortem. Monitoring of the animals through ultrafast computerized tomography scan revealed a marked resolution of pulmonary lesions during treatment with BMS 181184. The compound was well tolerated at all dosing regimens, and no toxicity was noted. Pharmacokinetic studies revealed nonlinear drug disposition with increased clearance at higher dosages and some evidence for extravascular drug accumulation. BMS 181184 had excellent activity in the treatment of experimental invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in persistently neutropenic rabbits, thus underscoring the potential of pradimicin derivatives in therapy of invasive aspergillosis in the neutropenic host.

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Date of article/Start date of trial: 

Thursday, September 17, 1998
New antifungal drugs