Ulcerative tracheobronchitis

Bronchoscopic view of a deep bronchial ulcer in a lung transplant patient. Biopsies through the ulcer yielded cartilage with hyphae invading it. Fungal cultures of bronchial lavage grew Aspergillus fumigatus. He responded to oral itraconazole therapy.

This patient was reported in Kramer MR, Denning DW, Marshall SE, Ross D, Berry G, Lewiston N, Stevens DA, Theodore J. Ulcerative tracheobronchitis following lung transplantation: a new form of invasive aspergillosis. Am Rev Resp Dis 1991; 144: 552-556.