This patient was reported in Kramer MR, Denning DW, Marshall SE, Ross D, Berry G, Lewiston N, Stevens DA, Theodore J. Ulcerative tracheobronchitis following lung transplantation: a new form of invasive aspergillosis. Am Rev Resp Dis 1991; 144: 552-556.
Bronchoscopic view of a deep bronchial ulcer in a lung transplant patient. Biopsies through the ulcer yielded cartilage with hyphae invading it. Fungal cultures of bronchial lavage grew Aspergillus fumigatus. He responded to oral itraconazole therapy.