Study of moulds sensitization prevalence in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma in Catalonia (Spain)9734;

W. Societat Catalana Allergia e Immunologia ClinicabJ. Bartraa

Author address: 

a Hospital Universitari de Girona Dr. Josep Trueta, Girona (Spain), Spain b S.C.A.I.C, Catalunya, Spain

Abstract: 

Objective To determinate the sensitization prevalence to Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus fumigatus, Cladosporium herbarum, Penicillium notatum and Ustilago maydis in patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma in Catalonia (Spanish Mediterranean region). Design A multicenter, 12-month, prospective, randomized study. Patients and methods Patients between 5 and 65 years old who came for the first time to an allergy department and in which allergic rhinitis and/or asthma was suspected, were aleatory included. Cutaneous test (prick test) to the mould extracts listed above and to common aeroallergens were performed. All patients were tested with the same extracts. Skin tests were considered positive if the area of the papule was 7 mm2 or bigger. Results 1056 patients (633 women and 423 men) were included. 208 patients were 14 or below 14 years old and 848 patients were older. 26% of the patients were sensitized to at least one of the tested moulds. Sensitization to Alternaria alternata was 18%, to Aspergillus fumigatus 11%, to Cladosporium herbarum 6%, to Penicillium notatum 5% and to Ustilago maydis 3%. Patients below 14 years old showed higher sensitization prevalence to moulds than older patients (p
2004

abstract No: 

Page S63

Full conference title: 

2004 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Annual Meeting
    • AAAAI 2004 (60th)