A review of aspergillosis in penguins


Xavier MO


Aspergillosis is a rare disease in free-living penguins with little impact on the reproductive colonies of these animals, corresponding to a mortality rate about 3%. However, this disease shows a very different role when related to captive seabirds. In captivity, aspergillosis has been described in a great variety of penguin species and associated with stress, change in habitat, handling, injury or other concomitant diseases which promote a high susceptibility to primary infection with Aspergillus spp.