A rapid HPLC method with fluorometric detection for determination of plasma itraconazole and hydroxy-itraconazole concentrations in cystic fibrosis children with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis


Redmann S, Charles BG
Biomed Chromatogr. 2006 Apr;20(4):343-8


The development and validation of a simple, rapid and selective high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method is described for the quantitation of itraconazole and hydroxy-itraconazole in 100 microL of plasma from a paediatric population. The mobile phase of methanol (75% v/v) and water (25% v/v) was pumped at 1 mL/min through a C(18) Symmetrytrade mark (3.9 mm i.d. x 150 mm) cartridge. Using a protein-precipitation method, 100 microL internal standard (IS) solution (R051012, 555 microg/L in acetonitrile) were added to 100 microL of plasma followed by 10 microL zinc sulphate solution (20% w/v). Itraconazole, hydroxy-itraconazole and IS eluted at 4.7, 8.3 and 12.5 min, respectively and were detected ssuorometrically at 250 nm (excitation) and 380 nm (emission). Recoveries were 87.1-96.7%. Calibrations in drug-free plasma were linear (r(2) > 0.99) from 50 to 2000 microg/L, using 1/c(2) (c = concentration) weighting. Intraday and interday imprecision (CV%) was 4.8-17.3 and 6.3-16.6% for itraconazole, and 4.6-17.9 and 7.02-18.4% for hydroxy-itraconazole. Inaccuracy was -7.1 to -14.7% for itraconazole and -0.1 to -9.7% for hydroxy-itraconazole. The clinical application of this method was demonstrated by measurement of itraconazole and hydroxy-itraconazole in plasma samples drawn from paediatric cystic fibrosis patients, who were prescribed itraconazole for treatment of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.