This 63 year old smoker presented with a new small mass in the right upper lobe. She had had tuberculosis as a teenager (1958) which recurred in 1962, requiring 2 long stays in a sanatorium. Since then she was well, until a new shadow was noticed on her chest X-ray. A CT showed a smooth round nodule, and to rule out carcinoma it was biopsied percutaneously. Histology showed fungal hyphae, consistent with Aspergillus , and serology confirmed infection with Aspergillus fumigatus. Following biopsy, an air fluid pocket has appeared, most consistent with an aspergilloma, as the lesion is solitary.