Endogenous infections such as candidiasis can be minimized by oral fluconazole prophylaxis, although oral or intravenous amphotericin, or itraconazole, are suitable for certain patients. Exogenous fungal infections most commonly are transmitted by the airborne route, but the benefits of high- efficiency particulate air-filtered room air probably are diminishing as broad-spectrum prophylaxis against Aspergillus species and other fungi improves. However, high-risk environmental sources such as construction work always must be avoided near neutropenic patients. Reactivation of quiescent pulmonary Aspergillus infection can be prevented by surgical resection during remission, or by systemic amphotericin prophylaxis during subsequent neutropenic episodes.
Full conference title:
4th International Conference on the Prevention of Infection (CIPI)
- CIPI 4th