Background: A high prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection has been observed in Zambia. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate currently stands at 20% incidence. That is to say 1 in every 5 individuals is HIV positive. Methods:This was a retrospective as well as a prospective study done at a District hospital on the Copperbelt Province for six months in 2001.100 HIV/AIDS patients were identified and responded to questions during interview. Then consent was obtained to study their clinical records, collect sputum and do a broncholavange for microscopy, culture and sensitivity. Results: Respiratory diseases were clearly definable in 98 patients. The spectrum of diseases were Tuberculosis 76%, bacterial pneumonia 56%, preumosystis carini pneumonia 30%) Aspergillosis 4% especially in patients with multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis, cryptococcosis 2%. Two or more infection were recorded in 20%. Conclusion: Bacterial infections, namely, tuberculosis and bacterial pneumonia and were the most frequently observed respiratory opportunistic infections. A good knowledge of this pattern will prove to be a useful tool in managing HIV/AIDS patients with CD4 counts of less than 200.
Full conference title:
12th International Symposium on Infections in the Immunocompromised Host
- ISIIH 12th