It has been reported that administration of Candida albicans into mouse induces an antifungal activity in serum, which has been identified as transferrin. In the present study, we show that not only C. albicans, but also other fungus such as Cryptococcus neoformans or Aspergillus fumigatus similarly can induce an antifungal activity in mouse serum. This antifungal activity was inhibited by the addition of ferrous ion, indicating that the growth inhibition of C. albicans was due to deficiency of ferrous ion, which may be caused by transferrin. Indeed, addition of transferrin in an in vitro assay system using RPMI1640 culture medium inhibited the growth of C. albicans, C. neoformans or A. fumigatus. However, when C. albicans was grown in RPMI1640 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), transferrin was unable to inhibit the growth of C. albicans, in sharp contrast, when C. albicans treated mouse serum was added instead of FBS, the growth of the organism was inhibited. Similar results were obtained when C. neoformans or A. fumigatus was used. Taken together, the results suggest that antifungal activity induced by C. albicans, C. neoformans or A. fumigatus was not due to transferrin but likely due to other unknown serum proteins, which may cut off the source of iron for the growth of these fungi.
Full conference title:
- ASM 111th (2011)