Inventory and databases of fungi in Korea

Changmu Kim, Jin Sung Lee

Author address: 

National Institute of Biological Resources, Nanji-ro 42, Seo-gu, Incheon, 404-708, Korea

Abstract: 

The fungi of the Republic of Korea for the first record can be found in the Samguksagi the Kim Busik 1145 authored. Seven species of fungi were introduced by Heo Jun, who court physician at the Chosun Dynasty in Dongui Bogam(1613) which text of traditional Korean medicine. The modern way of Uyeki (1919) and Okada (1932) and by the early research was done. The 33 species of fungi were published for the first time in the 'Korean plant Illustrated' at 1956. A list of 586 species was published from the Korean Society of Mycology in 1978. At 1996, 1,128 species had been cataloged by the Nature Conservation Central Council supported from Ministry of Environment. By many researchers since the new species have been added and reviewed through the project of inventory of national biological resources from the National Institute of Biological Resources, Ministry of Environment. By the end of 2012, 3,411 fungal species and 702 lichen species were cataloged. Basidiomycota is the most listed species (1,898 species) and then Ascomycota is second listed species (1,390 species). The Basidiomycota and Ascomycota groups were listed more than 96% of the total recorded fungi. This seems to be interesting about fruiting body forming fungi (mushrooms) and plant pathogenic fungi. In the future, we should try to research about other fungal groups such as Zygomycota and Myxomycota. The fungal resources management, government agencies, universities, research institutes, etc., have been sporadic. This situation does not systematic and is causing the various problems. To solve these problems, the Korean government established the National Biodiversity Center. It has been the progress of attempt to increase the sharing database for biological resources. The future National Biodiversity Center conducted the fungus resource conservation and management in Korea.
2013

abstract No: 

s5-04

Full conference title: 

Asian Mycological Congress 2013 and the 13th International Marine and Freshwater Mycology Symposium
    • AMC 2013