Emerging fungal infections in immuno compromised and immuno competent patients



It is interesting to observe, that those fungi earlier considered to be saprophytes or opportunistic pathogen are now isolated from clinical material, considering most Laboratories do not process the samples for fungi, it becomes more significant in creating awareness at least in India, There has been a definite increase in candida whether due to indiscriminate use of antibiotics or immuno compromised state of patient or both has to be clinically evaluated and accordingly applied. Dermtophytes are being replaced by candida and aspergillosis, specially seen in nails. Occurrence of alternaria alternata in post operative wound infection, renal aspergillus liver aspergillus fungus balls in Bladder, Kidney besides lungs. Bipolaris in sinus infections have been demonstrated. Besides nocardia, cryptococcus and unusual presentation of histoplasmosis, have also been seen. A three year study will be presented, highlighting the importance of microscopic findings, as many a time culture recovery may not be possible. Diagnosing presence of mucormycosis in maxillary sinus and aspergillosis by microscopic examination followed by culture confirmation will be highlighted.

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11th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
    • ECCMID 11th (2001)