Economic evaluation of targeted treatments of invasive aspergillosis in adult haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients in the Netherlands: a modelling approach


Ament AJ, Hübben MW, Verweij PE, de Groot R, Warris A, Donnelly JP, van 't Wout J, Severens JL
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007 Aug;60(2):385-93


Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of a targeted treatment model of antifungal treatment strategies for adult haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients in the Netherlands from a hospital perspective, using a decision analytic modelling approach. !<br>!!<br>!Methods: The economic evaluation of desoxycholate amphotericin B, liposomal amphotericin B, voriconazole and caspofungin was undertaken. These drugs could be used alone, in various combinations or sequentially. In our model, first-line therapy consisted of either voriconazole or liposomal amphotericin B. If necessary, treatment was switched to a second-line treatment, including combination antifungal therapy. The theoretical population in this model consisted of adult HSCT recipients with proven or probable invasive aspergillosis (IA). Long-term survival was extrapolated from survival after 12 weeks of treatment and life expectancy. !<br>!!<br>!Results: First-line antifungal treatment strategies with voriconazole were both more effective and less costly over first-line strategies employing liposomal amphotericin B at a dosage of 4 mg/kg/day. The strategy of voriconazole followed by caspofungin (voriconazole/caspofungin) was dominant over the strategies of voriconazole followed by liposomal amphotericin B (voriconazole/liposomal amphotericin B) or desoxycholate amphotericin B (voriconazole/desoxycholate amphotericin B). However, the voriconazole followed by the combination of liposomal amphotericin B and caspofungin strategy (voriconazole/liposomal amphotericin B + caspofungin) was more effective though more expensive than the voriconazole/caspofungin strategy resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of about euro107 000 for a life-year saved. At a dosage of 1 mg/kg/day of liposomal amphotericin B, the voriconazole/caspofungin strategy was more effective but more costly than the voriconazole/desoxycholate amphotericin B strategy with an ICER of euro10 000 for each extra life-year saved. Between the voriconazole/liposomal amphotericin B + caspofungin and the voriconazole/caspofungin strategies, the ICER was euro40 000. !<br>!!<br>!Conclusions: Probabilistic analyses on net monetary benefit showed that the voriconazole/caspofungin strategy had the highest probability of being the most cost-effective strategy.