Aspergillus westerdijkiae is a new species of fungus that was recently dismembered from Aspergillus ochraceus taxon. Most isolates of A. westerdijkiae are able to produce large amounts of a mycotoxin named ochratoxin A (OA), which has been found in coffee. A. westerdijkiae is very similar to A. ochraceus, and several isolates previously identified as A. ochraceus are now identified as A. westerdijkiae. In fact, most (84%) were identified as A. westerdijkiae. Since this species consistently produces large amounts of OA, we developed a specific primer-pair for detecting and quantifying it in coffee beans by using Real-Time PCR. The primers Bt2Aw-F 5’TGATACCTTGGCGCTTGTGACG and Bt2Aw-R 5’CGGAAGCCTAAAAAATGAAGAG provided an amplicon in all A. westerdijkiae isolates, and no cross-reaction was observed using DNA from A. ochraceus. The sensitivity of real-time PCR was more than 100 times higher than the cfu technique.
Full conference title:
161st Society for General Microbiology
- SGM 161st (2007)