A sensitive and reliable analytical method based on immunoaffinity chromatography cleanup followed by HPLC separation and fluorimetric detection is described for the quantitative determination of aflatoxin M1 in milk. The chromatographic separation is accomplished by using a C18 column and a gradient elution with methanol, acetonitrile, and water. No extraction solvent process is required and a minimal milk sample cleanup is performed by a direct loading of the immunoaffinity columns and elution with methanol. The method has been successfully validated according to Decision EC No 657/2002 by using the conventional validation approach. The results of the validation process demonstrate the agreement of the method with the provisions of Regulation EC No 401/2006.