Coccidioidomycosis in travelers

Afeltra, J.

Author address: 

Mycology Section Hospital J.M. Ramos Mejí­a, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Abstract: 

Coccidioidomycosis (Cm) is a fungal disease caused by Coccidiodes immitis and Coccidiodes posadasii, which is endemic in the southwestern United States and some places of Central and South America. The disease is acquired by inhaling the arthroconidia of the fungus that is present in the soil. Outbreaks of Cm occurs when susceptible persons are exposed to airborne arthroconidia from natural disasters, such dust storms or in persons that have traveled and infected in areas where the disease is endemic developing symptoms due to different factors after returning home. Travelers should be advised to decrease their risk by limiting their exposure to outdoor dust in endemic areas, although exposure prevention is difficult to estimate. Symptomatic disease occurs in ~40% of infected persons, usually 13 weeks after exposure, and is characterized by flulike symptoms, such as headache, fever, cough, myalgias, and rash. Coccidioidomycosis is usually a self-limited disease; however, in
2007

abstract No: 

W10.2

Full conference title: 

3rd Trends in Medical Mycology
    • TIMM 3rd (2011)