Bronchoscopic view of Aspergillus tracheobronchitis. Bronchial lavage revealed hyphae in microscopy and cultures grew A.fumigatus. This man had received a lung transplant a few weeks before. Invasion of mucosa, but not cartilage, was demonstrated histologically. He responded rapidly to oral itraconazole.
<p>He is reported in Kramer MR, Denning DW, Marshall SE, Ross D, Berry G, Lewiston N, Stevens DA, Theodore J. Ulcerative tracheobronchitis following lung transplantation: a new form of invasive aspergillosis. Am Rev Resp Dis 1991; 144: 552-556.</p>