BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Mycotic keratitis is a serious but relatively rare disease. No targeted data collection in Germany existed until the foundation of the German Pilz-Keratitis Register in 2015.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
The inclusion of retrospective and prospective patients was carried out.
diagnosis confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), culture, histology or confocal microscopy (IVCM). Collected parameters: date of symptom onset, date and method of diagnosis, risk factors, visual acuity and findings at admission and at follow-up, conservative and surgical treatment.
By January 2018, a total of 102 eyes from the years 2000-2017 were reported from 16 centers (64.3% female, mean age 52 years, range 18-95 years). The initial diagnosis was made correctly in only 20.6% of cases. The mean time to correct diagnosis was 31.7 ± 46.9 (0-296) days. The diagnosis was confirmed in cultures in 74.5%, histologically in 30.4%, by PCR in 38.2% and IVCM in 27.4%. Fungal species identified were: 36.7% Fusarium spp., 35.8% Candida spp., 6.4% Aspergillus spp. and 21.1% other. The most important risk factor was the use of contact lenses. The most commonly used antifungal agent was voriconazole (64.7%) followed by amphotericin B (37.2%). Penetrating keratoplasty was performed in 65.7% of the cases and 8.8% of the affected eyes had to be enucleated. The visual acuity of the entire study population increased from the initial 0.16 ± 0.25 (0.001-1.0) decimal to 0.28 ± 0.34 (0-1.0) decimal.
The correct diagnosis of fungal keratitis is often significantly delayed. The treatment can be very difficult and keratoplasty is often necessary. In order to gain a better understanding of this disease, to recognize previously unknown risk factors and, if necessary, a change in the spectrum of pathogens and to identify approaches to treatment optimization, the fungal keratitis registry will be continued.
Candida; Cornea; Fusarium; Infection; Mycosis