Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a life-threatening infection that mainly occurs in immunocompromised patients. Here, we compared the novel Aspergillus-specific galactomannoprotein (GP) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (Euroimmun Medizinische Labordiagnostika AG) to the established Platelia Aspergillus galactomannan (GM) ELISA (Bio-Rad Laboratories) for the detection of IA. A total of 267 serum samples from 45 cases of proven and 4 episodes of probable IA (according to European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group [EORTC/MSG] criteria) and 156 sera from patients without evidence of IA were tested. Pearson's correlation statistics, as well as sensitivity and specificity, were calculated using manufacturer-recommended (GM) or optimized (GP) cutoff levels. Aspergillus fumigatus was found in 88% of culture-positive infections. When we analyzed all 423 serum samples, GM and GP tests correlated strongly (r = 0.82, P < 0.0001). Among proven IA cases using samples obtained as closely as possible to the day of proven diagnosis, the sensitivity for both tests was 40%. All cases of probable IA (defined by positive GM testing) were also GP positive. Concordant results of the two ELISAs were obtained in 43 of 49 samples (88%). Extending measurements to all sera available in the time frame of 7 days prior to 7 days after the day of proven diagnosis, 47% and 56% of the cases were detected by the GM and GP tests, respectively. Specificity was 99% for GM and 96% for GP testing. For the diagnosis of IA, sensitivity and specificity of the novel GP ELISA are similar to those of the Platelia GM ELISA. The low sensitivities of both tests underline the need for serial testing in patients at risk for IA.
Aspergillus fumigatus ; ELISA; aspergillosis; diagnosis; galactomannan; invasive fungal infections