Evaluation of LDBio Aspergillus ICT Lateral Flow Assay for IgG and IgM Antibody Detection in Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis


Stucky Hunter E, Richardson MD, Denning DW]##
J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Aug 26;57(9). pii: e00538-19.


Detecting Aspergillus-specific IgG is critical to diagnosing chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Existing assays are often cost- and resource-intensive and not compatible with resource-constrained laboratory settings. LDBio Diagnostics has recently commercialized a lateral flow assay based on immunochromatographic technology (ICT) that detects Aspergillus antibodies (IgG and IgM) in less than 30 min, requiring minimal laboratory equipment. A total of 154 CPA patient sera collected at the National Aspergillosis Centre (Manchester, United Kingdom) and control patient sera from the Peninsula Research Bank (Exeter, United Kingdom) were evaluated. Samples were applied to the LDBio Aspergillus ICT lateral flow assay, and results were read both visually and digitally. Results were compared with Aspergillus IgG titers in CPA patients, measured by ImmunoCAP-specific IgG assays. For proven CPA patients versus controls, sensitivity and specificity for the LDBio Aspergillus ICT were 91.6% and 98.0%, respectively. In contrast, the routinely used ImmunoCAP assay exhibited 80.5% sensitivity for the same cohort (cutoff value, 40 mg of antigen-specific antibodies [mgA]/liter). The assay is easy to perform but challenging to read when only a very faint band is present (5/154 samples tested). The ImmunoCAP Aspergillus IgG titer was also compared with the Aspergillus ICT test line intensity or rate of development, with weak to moderate correlations. The Aspergillus ICT lateral flow assay exhibits excellent sensitivity for serological diagnosis of CPA. Quantifying IgG from test line intensity measurements is not reliable. Given the short run time, simplicity, and limited resources needed, the LDBio Aspergillus ICT is a suitable diagnostic tool for CPA in resource-constrained settings.