Diagnostic value of galactomannan in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for chronic respiratory 2 disease with pulmonary aspergillosis

Author: 

Guangbin Lai, Chao Zeng, Jianming Mo, Wei-dong Song, Ping Xu
bioRxiv preprint, Aug. 9 2019

Abstract: 

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid galactomannan (BALF GM) test for chronic respiratory disease with pulmonary aspergillosis, and establish the optimal cut-off value.

Methods A total of 180 chronic respiratory disease patients seen at the Respiratory Medicine Department of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from September 2017 to September 2018 were analyzed. According to the diagnostic criteria, we divided the patients into the case group (n = 70, comprising 5, 20, and 45 proven, probable, and possible cases, respectively) and the control group (n = 110). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected, and the BALF GM test results were analyzed.

Results A non-parametric rank-sum test showed that the mean rank of the case group was 140.80, which was higher than that of the control group (58.49). The Z-value was 10.335 (P = 0.000), indicating that the general distribution of BALF GM differed between the two groups. A BALF GM cut-off value of 0.485 showed the highest diagnostic efficacy for pulmonary aspergillosis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 92.9%, 100%, 92.8%, and 100%, respectively. As the cut-off value increased, the specificity and sensitivity of the BALF GM test increased and decreased, respectively.

Conclusions The BALF GM test can be used confirm the diagnosis of patients with pulmonary aspergillosis and chronic respiratory disease. The optimum BALF GM cut-off value was 0.485. Antifungal therapy is important for treating pulmonary aspergillus infection in patients with chronic respiratory disease.