Invasive fungal disease (IFD) is a common yet highly lethal complication in patients with hematological malignancies receiving chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation, as well as immune suppressive conditions including aplastic anemia and other malignancies. According to the diagnostic criteria, patients are defined as proven, probable, possible and undefined IFD based on the evidence provided by histopathologic/cytologic, culture, radiographic and biomarker examinations. For the management of IFD, the major treatment strategies consist of prophylaxis, empirical, diagnostic-driven and target therapy. The Chinese Invasive Fungal Infection Working Group has developed the Chinese consensus for the diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal disease based on international guidelines and local experience. Recently, the working group revises the consensus by update international guidelines and clinical studies in China.