Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) sans asthma: A distinct subset of ABPA with a lesser risk of exacerbation.

Author: 

Muthu V, Sehgal IS, Prasad KT, Dhooria S, Aggarwal AN, Garg M, Chakrabarti A, Agarwal R.
Med Mycol. 2019 May 21. pii: myz051

Abstract: 

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complex immunological disorder complicating asthma. Uncommonly, ABPA presents without underlying asthma. Herein, we describe the outcomes of ABPA with and without asthma. Of the 530 subjects (median follow-up, 39 months), 37 (7%) were ABPA sans asthma. Bronchiectasis was more frequent (97.3% vs. 83.2%, P = .02), and the lung function was significantly better in ABPA sans asthma. The incidence-rate of ABPA exacerbation was higher in those with asthma than without (112 vs. 242 per 1000 person-years, P = .0001). ABPA sans asthma appears to be a distinct subset of ABPA, with a better lung function and fewer exacerbations.