The changing nature of paediatric otomycosis in the mid-west of Ireland.

The changing nature of paediatric otomycosis in the mid-west of Ireland.

Author:

Westby D, O’Connell N, Powell J, Fenton JE.

Date: 27 July 2020

Abstract:

Background: Fungal otitis externa is prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical climates; however, over the past two decades, there has been a reported increase in the prevalence of otomycosis in paediatric patients from more temperate climates. This study aimed to review the children diagnosed with otomycosis at the University Hospital Limerick with reference to frequency, causative organism, predisposing factors and management.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of paediatric patients from 2001 to 2015. Patients with positive fungal ear swabs and a diagnosis of otomycosis were identified.

Results: Ninety-three patients were positive for candida (mean age, 5.8 years), 10 patients were positive for aspergillus (mean age, 9.1 years) and 1 patient had mixed fungal infection containing both fungi. There was a positive correlation between a diagnosis of otomycosis and prior treatment with topical fluoroquinolones (r = 0.8; p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The incidence of otomycosis has been increasing since 2001, which correlates with an increase in the use of topical fluoroquinolones. Previous studies identify aspergillus as the commonest causative fungi; however, this study found that candida was the commonest isolated fungi in the paediatric population.

Keywords: Fluoroquinolones; Fungal Infections; Otitis Externa; Otomycosis; Pediatrics.

Link to DOI:

https://www.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215120001164


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