Keratinophilic fungi of poultry and their environment in India.


Saidi S A; Das P; Sikdar A

Date: 4 April 2004


The prevalence of keratinophilic fungi involved in skin infections in poultry and its distribution in soil was surveyed in and near Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh. Out of 238 samples (skin scrapings, feathers and soil) a total of 258 fungi were isolated belonging to 21 genera. The most common fungal genera were: in skin scrapings-Aspergillus, Pencillium, Alternaria, Rhizopus, Chrysosporium, Mucor, Scopulariopsis, Gymnoascaceae, Absidia, Aphanoascus, Cladosporium, Chaetomium, Gliocladium and Geotricum; in feathers- Aspergillus, Pencillium, Alternaria, Gymnoascaceae, Aphanoascus and Chrysosporium and from soil samples- Chrysosporium, Alternaria, Aspergillus, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Mucor, Gymnoascaceae, Scopulariopsis, Trichophyton, Microsporum, Absidia, Aphanoascus, Fusarium, Diheterospora, Acremoniella, and Epicoccum. Isolation of Chrysosporium species from clinical cases with skin lesions and a high prevalence of these fungi in soil, suggest their role as potential pathogens in birds and other animals. Trichophyton simii is emerging as an important dermatophyte in animals, humans and poultry in India.

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