Allergic and Noninvasive Infectious Pulmonary Aspergillosis Syndromes.

Author: 

Muldoon EG, Strek ME, Patterson KC.
Clin Chest Med. 2017 Sep;38(3):521-534.

Abstract: 

Aspergillus spp are ubiquitous in the environment, and inhalation of Aspergillus spores is unavoidable. An intact immune system, with normal airway function, protects most people from disease. Globally, however, the toll from aspergillosis is high. The literature has largely focused on invasive aspergillosis, yet the burden in terms of chronicity and prevalence is higher for noninvasive Aspergillus conditions. This article discusses allergic aspergilloses and provides an update on the diagnosis and management of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, including in patients with cystic fibrosis, and an update on severe asthma with fungal sensitization. In addition, the presentation, investigation, and management of noninvasive infectious aspergilloses are reviewed.

KEYWORDS:

ABPA; Aspergillus; Aspergillus bronchitis; Chronic fungal infection of lung